Knee arthroscopy is is performed through tiny incisions in the skin, 5 mm incisions on either side of the joint. The doctor will use a tiny telescope camera and small surgical instruments to do the procedure. Arthoscopy usually causes less tissue trauma, less pain, the recovery is quicker than if you have open surgery. It can be performed using general, spinal, regional, or local anesthetic. An arthroscopy is usually a safe type of surgery with very low risk of complications.
Knee arthoscopy can be performed for diagnosis and/or treatment for many knee problems. Damaged tissue and cartilage can be repaired or removed. It’s also used to take small tissue samples which can help to diagnose problems such as infection. Arthoscopy is indicated for cartilage (meniscus) tears, ligament strains and tears, and cartilage deterioration underneath the kneecap .
For an optimal outcome of this procedure there must be an exercise regimen to help in the recovery process. the patients will be asked to rest and elevate the joint while applying ice packs to minimize pain and swelling. an exercise program is gradually started that strengthens the muscles surrounding the joint. The goal is to recover stability, range of motion, and strength of the joint.
The time required until the patient can resume his activities depends on the type of surgery done. In cases of partial menisectomy the patient can resume his regular daily activities usually within few days of surgery.